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Introduction
  Overview

Hai Phong, is one of the most important city of portal services in Vietnam with the advantage of having deep-watered ports, maritime transports are very developed. This is also the 3rd largest city in Vietnam. The name means "coastal defense". Haiphong is also called "The City of the Red Flamboyant" because of having a lot of flamboyant trees have planted in the city.

  Natural conditions

Geographical location:

Hai Phong is a coastal city located at the mouth of the Cam River, in Vietnam's northeastern coastal area, 120 km east of Hanoi. The Binh Bridge crosses the Cam and connects the city with Thuy Nguyen District

Adjacent to the provinces:

·       Quang Ninh province in the North

·        Thai Binh in the South

·         The Gulf of Tonkin in the East

·         Hai Duong in the West.

 


Area:

     1.523,4 km²

 

Population:

The average population: 1.878.500 people (2011)

 

Climate:

 Hai Phong features a humid subtropical climate, with hot, humid summer and warm, dry winter.

 

 

Climate data for Hai Phong

Month

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Year

Record high °C (°F)

31
(88)

34
(93)

35
(95)

36
(97)

41
(106)

38
(100)

38
(100)

39
(102)

37
(99)

36
(97)

33
(91)

30
(86)

41
(106)

Average high °C (°F)

20
(68)

20
(68)

23
(73)

28
(82)

32
(90)

33
(91)

33
(91)

32
(90)

31
(88)

29
(84)

25
(77)

22
(72)

27
(81.2)

Average low °C (°F)

13
(55)

15
(59)

18
(64)

21
(70)

24
(75)

26
(79)

26
(79)

26
(79)

24
(75)

22
(72)

18
(64)

15
(59)

20.7
(69.2)

Record low °C (°F)

6
(43)

7
(45)

8
(46)

10
(50)

16
(61)

20
(68)

21
(70)

20
(68)

16
(61)

15
(59)

8
(46)

6
(43)

6
(43)

Rainfall mm (inches)

26
(1.02)

30
(1.18)

42
(1.65)

91
(3.58)

170
(6.69)

242
(9.53)

260
(10.24)

305
(12.01)

209
(8.23)

121
(4.76)

57
(2.24)

24
(0.94)

1,577
(62.09)

humidity

78

86

90

91

87

86

86

88

87

80

83

79

85.1

Avg. rainy days

10

11

14

13

14

15

15

16

14

11

8

6

147

Mean monthly sunshine hours

93

56

93

120

186

210

217

186

180

186

150

124

1,801

Source #1: World Climate Guide

Source #2: Weatherbase (record highs and lows and humidity)

 

Terrain:

Diversity, the large area is ​​land, has sea, islands, coastal plains, and mountains.

The city is located in a convenient position for transportation to domestic provinces, and international networks via road network, railway, sea routes, inland waterway and air.

 

 

  Transport infrastructures

Roadway:

Haiphong is located near the junction of two National Highways: Route 5, leading west to Hanoi, and Route 10, leading south to Nam Dinh and connecting with National Highway 1A at Ninh Binh. Highway 356 passes west–east from the Route 5/10 junction through Haiphong's downtown area all the way to the coast. There is also a connecting road from route 5 to route 18 which connects Hai Phong and Quang Ninh province. There are several coach stations, such as Tam Bac, Niem Nghia, Cau Rao.

Seaway:

Hai Phong port is one of the two biggest ports in Vietnam. It is also listed in one of the most important port in the Southeast Asia. The Port of Haiphong is divided into three main terminals: Hoang Dieu terminal (Central terminal), located near the city's center; Chua Ve terminal, and Dinh Vu Terminal, both on the eastern side of town. All three terminals are located on the banks of the Cam River.[17] Several ferry terminals connect Haiphong with the neighboring Cat Hai and Cat Ba Islands; Ben Binh Ferry terminal is located near the downtown area, while Dinh Vu Ferry is located on a spit of land on the coast. Recently, the government of Vietnam has approved the plan about building an international port in Lach Huyen – 15 kilometers from the city central. This will be one of the biggest port in Vietnam whose depth is about −14m which can receive 50000 to 100000 DWT ships.

Railway:

Hai Phong Railway Station, established in 1902, is the eastern terminus of the Hanoi–Hai Phong railway line, also known as the Yunnan–Vietnam Railway. Built at the initiative of the French during their occupation, the railway once connected Haiphong to the city of Kunming in China's Yunnan province, although service along the Chinese portion of the line is currently suspended. Rail travel from Haiphong is still possible, with connections to the rest of the Vietnamese railway network possible via Hanoi. Besides this, there are lots of railway roads in the whole city to served the requirement of moving goods out of and into ports.

Airway:

The main airport serving Hai Phong is Cat Bi International Airport, with three flights a day to Ho Chi Minh city. Recently, in April, 2011 Vietnam Airlines has just opened a new flight which connects Hai Phong and Da Nang with 5 flights a week. According to the plan of Vietnam government, there will be an international airport in Hai Phong which is located in Tien Lang district. This is planned to be the biggest airport in North Vietnam.

  Economic situations

Hai Phong is northern Vietnam's second largest industrial centre. It's GDP accounted for 11.8 of the Red River Delta in 2007, second only to Hanoi. It is a significant producer of rice and has the Red River Delta's fourth largest fishing sector. Its industrial sector is the second largest in the region (10.6% of regional industrial GDP) and slightly ahead of Vinh Phuc province (2007). Hai Phong is northern Vietnam's major port city. As a result, it has a large service sector and is important for the region's trade, with export of US$1.26bn and imports of US$1.55bn in 2007.

Industry is a key sector in Hai Phong including food processing, light industries and heavy industries. Major products include fish sauce, beer, cigarettes, textiles, paper, plastic pipes, cement, iron, pharmaceuticals, electric fans, motorbikes, steel pipes and ships and out-sourcing software implementation. Shipbuilding, steel pipes, plastic pipes and textiles are among the industries with the most rapid growth.

Several large industrial projects with foreign participation are currently being prepared. The country's fourth Vietnam Singapore Industrial Park is under construction in Hai Phong. It has an investment capital of US$1bn and is projected to have a population of 150,000 by 2020. Another billion dollar  project was announced by the Japanese tire producer Bridgestone in December 2011. Hai Phong will also be the location of Vietnam's first specialised industrial park exclusively for Japanese investors.

  Contact and Links

Department of Planning and Investment

Address: No.1 Dinh Tien Hoang, Hong Bang district, Hai Phong.

Phone: 031.3842614

Fax: 031.3842021

Website: http://haiphong.gov.vn/

 

Department of Natural Resources - Environment

Address: 275 Lach Tray – Ngo Quyen – Hai Phong.

Phone: 031.3732425

Fax: 031.3732425

Email: sotnmt@haiphong.gov.vn

Website: http://haiphong.gov.vn/Portal/Default.aspx?Organization=TNMT

 

Management of IP

Address: 24 Cu Chinh Lan, Hong Bang district, Hai Phong

Phone: (84)031.3569170

Fax: 031.3842426

Email: banquanlykkt@haiphong.gov.vn

Website: http://www.heza.gov.vn/

 

People's Committee of Ha Noi

Address: 18 Hoang Dieu, Hong Bang District, Hai Phong.

Phone: 080-31274

Fax: 031-3842-368

Email: hpnet@haiphong.gov.vn

Website: http://haiphong.gov.vn/Portal/Default.aspx?Organization=UBND

 

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